01 January 1970

YAG 10th Retreat: Session 3

YAG 10th Retreat: Session 3

Rev. Dr Charles Tan
10th Retreat: A Living Sacrifice

Message Notes

Saturday, 17 October 2009
Time: 11.00am
Theme: “A Living Sacrifice”

1. The Doctrine of the New Man

And have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of
Him who created him.

Colossians 3:10

And be renewed in the spirit of your mind, and that you put on the new man which was
created according to God, in true righteousness and holiness

Ephesians 4:23-24

a) Renewed (anakainoo renew, remake           Colossians 3:10)

b) Knowledge (epignosis – suggestion: deep knowledge           Colossians 3:10)

c) According to image of Him (kat’ eikona- made after Christ’s image)

d) Renewed (ananeoo renew, rejuvenate           Ephesians 4:23)

e) Spirit of your mind (to pneumatic tou noos- mind as spirit           Ephesians 4:23)

f) Put on the new man (endusasthai – The use of the infinitive to suggest purpose          Ephesians 4:22.

2. The Doctrine of our new life in Christ           Romans

Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord
Jesus Christ

Romans 5:1

a) The employment of “a reasoned faith”

b) The use of inferential particles translated “therefore”

c) Features of our new relationship with God

i) Justified by faith           Romans 5:1a

ii) Justified by Christ’s blood           Romans 5:9a

iii) Peace with God           Romans 5:1b

iv) Saved from wrath through Christ           Romans 5:9b

v) Access to God by faith           Romans 5:2

vi) Access to grace           Romans 5:2a

vii) Joyful hope of the glory of God           Romans 5:2b

viii) Enemies Reconciled to God           Romans 5:10-11

ix) Abundance of grace           Romans 5:17, 20

x) Reign of grace through righteousness to eternal life           Romans 5:20

d) A new outlook to life

i) Facing tribulation with the ability to “glory”           Romans 5:3

(kauchaomai literally “boasting”)

ii) Facing tribulation with knowledge           Romans 5:3a

(eidotes full knowledge; assurance, confidence)

iii) Tribulation produces “perseverance”           Romans 5:3b

(hupomone- patience, endurance)

iv) Perseverance produces “character”           Romans 5:4a

(dokimen- worth, proof, evidence, genuineness)

v) Character produces “hope”           Romans 5:4b

(elpidos- ground or basis for expectation; unrealized faith)

v) Hope in God will not be disappointing           Romans 5:5a

(kataischuno disappoint, disgrace)

e) A new appreciation of God

i) God’s love outpoured           Romans 5:5b

ii) God’s love demonstrated           Romans 5:8

iii) God’s Spirit given           Romans 5:55c

iv) Christ’s died for us while we were yet sinners           Romans 5:6-8

3. The Doctrine of our Victory over the Problem of sin           Romans 6-7

a) The power of sin

i) Sin has affected our body

The body of sin

Romans 6:6b

ii) Sin seeks to enslave

Slaves of sin

Romans 6:6c

iii) Sin seeks to reign

Do not let sin reign in your body

Romans 6:12a

iv) Sin seeks to have dominion over us

Sin shall not have dominion over you

Romans 6:14a

v) Sin can be revived through poor handling of the law of God

But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner
Of evil desire. For apart from the law sin was dead.
I was alive once without the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived
And I died.

Romans 7:8-9

vi) Sin’s power to deceive

For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me,
And by it, killed me.

Romans 7:11

viii) The nature of sin revealed

Has then what is good become death to me? Certainly not! But sin, that it might
Appear sin, was producing death in me through what is good, so that sin through
The commandment might become exceedingly sinful.

Romans 7:13

ix) The problem of human carnality

For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin.

Romans 7:14

x) The problem of sin’s deadly indwelling influence

But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.
For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will
Is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.
For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not do,
That I practise.
Now if I do what I will not do, it is no longer I who do it,
But sin that dwells in me.

Romans 7:17-20

xi) The law of sin

I find then a law, that evil is present with me, the one who wills to do good.
But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind,
And bringing into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

Romans 7:21, 23

xii) The wretched feelings that sin brings

O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?

Romans 7:24

b) Power over sin

i) Identification with Christ’s death

Baptised into His death

Romans 6:3

ii) Identification with Christ’s resurrection

Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death,
That just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so
We also should walk in newness of life

Romans 6:4

For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly
We also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection.

Romans 6:5

iii) Reckon self dead to sin

Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin…

Romans 6:11

iv) Reckon self alive to God

But alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord

Romans 6:11b

v) Resist sin

Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it
In its lusts

Romans 6:12

vi) Present self to God

And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin,
But present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members
As instruments of righteousness to God.

Romans 6:13

vii) Become a bond-slave to God

But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God,
You have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.

Romans 6:22

viii) Delight in the law of God

For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man

Romans 7:22

ix) Victory in Christ Jesus

I thank God- through Jesus Christ our Lord! So than, with the mind I myself
Serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.

Romans 7:25

4. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit           Romans 8

a) Learning to walk in the Spirit

There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not
walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit

Romans 8:1

Who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit

Romans 8:4b

i) No condemnation even if we falter and fail many times

ii) We are in Christ Jesus… justified… redeemed… reconciled

iii) Walking according to the Spirit

b) The law of the Spirit of life in Christ

For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and

Romans 8:2

i) Law of the Spirit

ii) Law of the new life we have in Christ Jesus

iii) Law of the Spirit liberates us from the law of sin and death

iv) This law is more powerful than the law of sin and death

c) Setting the mind on the things of the Spirit

For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh,
But those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.
For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

Romans 8:5-6

i) Setting the mind on things of the flesh

ii) Setting the mind on things of the Spirit

ii) Spiritual mindedness

d) The indwelling of the Holy Spirit

But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you.
Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.

Romans 8:9

i) Theological significance of the Spirit’s indwelling

ii) He is the Seal and Guarantee of our salvation           Ephesians 1:13-14

e) The generation of life by the Spirit

And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of
But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised
Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who
dwells in you.

Romans 8:10-11

i) The Spirit of God will generate new life in the believer

ii) The “new life” in Christ should be different from the “old life”

f) The challenge to live by the Spirit

For if you live according to the flesh you will die; but if you live by the Spirit you put to
death the deeds of the body, you will live.

Romans 8:13

i) Living according to the flesh- death

ii) Living according to the Spirit- life

g) The promise of the Spirit’s leading

For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God

Romans 8:14

i) Led by the Spirit of God

ii) Led as sons of God

h) The role of the Spirit of God in teaching us to relate to God as Father

For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of
adoption by whom we cry out Abba, Father,
The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God

Romans 8:15-16

i) No more in bondage to fear God

ii) Establishment of a loving relationship with God as Father

iii) The Spirit of God bears witness of this new relationship

i) The Spirit of God helps us in our weaknesses

Likewise the Spirit also helps us in our weaknesses.
For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes
intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
Now He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He
makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.

Romans 8:26-27

i) Human weakness is all too obvious

ii) We don’t know how to pray very well!

iii) The Spirit intercedes for us effectively

iv) He prays for the saints according to the will of God